Modern Day Slavery
This page brings together some of the wide variety of resources that now exist to help professionals working with children who may have been trafficked, including guidance, policy and referral information.
Reporting Modern Slavery – https://www.modernslavery.gov.uk/start
Modern Slavery Helpline 08000 121700
Councils have been alerted to the possibility that during work with homeless and other vulnerable people, you or your partners may come across victims of modern slavery during the COVID-19 emergency. There is some useful guidance available online about the signs to spot.
The Passage (homelessness charity) has developed a handbook for staff working with homeless people
The Children’s Society has published a disrupting exploitation booklet
The Home Office has published Modern Slavery Awareness & Victim Identification Guidance
Useful resources available on Stop the Traffik’s website
The Home Office predicts that there may be as many as 13,000 victims in the UK alone. There is no typical victim of trafficking or slavery. Victims can be men, women and children of all ages and cut across the population, but it is normally more prevalent amongst the most vulnerable, minority or socially excluded groups who rarely come forward to seek help due to language barriers, threats, fear of traffickers and / or fear of being criminalised
Traffickers use force, deception, or coercion to lure their victims and force them into labour, criminality or sexual exploitation. They look for people who are susceptible for a variety of reasons, including psychological or emotional vulnerability or economic hardship. The trauma caused by the traffickers can be so great that many may not identify themselves as victims or ask for help, even in highly public settings.
There are several broad categories of exploitation linked to human trafficking, these can include:
- Sexual exploitation
- Forced labour and domestic servitude
- Organ harvesting
- Child related crimes such as child sexual exploitation – CSE
- Criminal Exploitation – forced begging, illegal drug cultivation, organised theft, related benefit frauds etc
- Forced marriage
National Referral Mechanism Process Guide (01/01/2017)
The National referral Mechanism (NRM) is the Home Office process by which identified potential victims of Modern Slavery (includes Human Trafficking) gain access to a number of support services. The NRM is a two stage process:
The First Responder refers a Potential Victim into the NRM
Only identified First Responders can make referrals to this process. To refer an adult victim (person over the age of 18) their written consent is needed. If they do consent a referral is made to one of two UK Competent Authorities, these are the Modern Slavery -Human Trafficking Unit (MSHTU) and the United Kingdom Visa Immigration department (UKVI). No Consent is needed for a child. Adult / child NRM referral forms and guidance can be found at:
Under Section 52 of the Modern Slavery Act 2015, identified Public Authorities have a ‘duty to notify’ , the Home Office of any suspected victim they come across. This process is not applicable if the victim is entered into the NRM. This process has been created to gather statistics and build a more comprehensive picture of the nature and scale of modern slavery in the UK. This process should not be used for children. If the potential adult victim does not consent to enter the NRM a form MS1 must be completed and the section 52 process followed. Adult consent is needed for this. Iif consent is not given the form must still be completed but anonymised. Documentation can be found at this this link: www.gov.uk/government/publications/duty-to-notify-the-home-office-of-potential-victims-of-modern-slavery
- Click here to see a process update and flow chart on the National Referral Mechanism (NRM).
Hope for Justice
- Rescue Our specialist teams work closely with police to identify victims of modern slavery, build bridges of trust with them and remove them from exploitation and into safety
- Restore We work with victims to overcome trauma and rebuild their lives. We offer tailored restorative care initiatives and offer support to meet vital needs, including survivor-centred aftercare.
- Reform We train professionals to spot the signs of trafficking and to respond, and campaign for policy change. We help businesses protect their operations and supply chains from modern slavery.
- Find out more here.
Barnado’s therapeutic Group Work – For Trafficked Children
The Therapeutic Group Work Programme is aimed at children who are suspected of being internally trafficked for exploitation.
It’s a six week group work programme with a maximum of 6 per group that provides therapeutic activities which can help develop:
- Sense of self-worth & positive value to others
- Emotional Intelligence
- For an overview please click here.
- For the referral form please click here.
- To print off the poster please click here.
Any Kirklees Council Officer or partner agency can report a suspicion of Human Trafficking and Modern Slavery via:
If you feel it is an emergency a threat to life or criminal activity you should ring 999 or if you feel there is an adult or child at risk of harm, please follow your safeguarding procedures.
If you have a suspicion something isn’t right and an adult or a child may a victim it is important you report. No matter how small the piece of information may be, it could be essential in building up a picture and safeguarding a potential victim.
Guidance on how to spot the signs and short films are available on the following links:
- Human Trafficking & Modern Day Slavery Resources – including awareness films
Kirklees Child Trafficking Procedures
- West Yorkshire Procedures
- Human Trafficking and First Responder Procedure for Kirklees
- Trafficked Children points to consider
- National Referral Mechanism referral form
- Child Trafficking NSPCC Advice line
- The Palermo Protocol
- Duty to notify
This is the link to the MS1 form www.gov.uk/government/publications/duty-to-notify-the-home-office-of-potential-victims-of-modern-slavery).
- Click here to view a council guide to Tackling Modern Slavery
- IASC: Anti-Slavery Partnership Toolkit
- Updated Slavery and Trafficking Survivor Care Standards
- 2018 UK Annual Report on Modern Slavery
Human Trafficking Leaflets and Posters
Useful Contacts and Links
- Call the Police – 101 or in an emergency 999
- Speak to Safeguarding at Kirklees Council on 01484 456848
- Email: DutyandAdvice@kirklees.gov.uk
- Kirklees Emergency Duty Service 01484 414933 (outside office hours)
- Call Crimestoppers anonymously on 0800 555111
- Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner
- 1.4.11 Children from Abroad, including Victims of Modern Slavery, Trafficking and Exploitation (proceduresonline.com)
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